Cotton is one of the most widely used raw materials when it comes to making clothes. Worldwide, 50% of all clothing items are made from cotton. Cotton is a vegan product because it is made from a shrub that belongs to the mallow family.
But there are also big differences when it comes to cotton. Because conventional cotton has some disadvantages compared to organic cotton. Cotton is mainly grown in China, India and the USA, and the main disadvantage of conventional cotton is already evident when it comes to cultivation:
When growing conventional cotton, genetically modified and chemically processed seeds are usually used. This means that the seeds are bred in such a way that the greatest possible harvest can be achieved here. In addition, the treated seeds are more resistant to pests and can therefore achieve better harvests.
But that is not all. Conventional cotton is treated with pesticides and fertilizers in order to achieve the greatest possible yield.
This is exactly what can then also have an impact on the processing of cotton in the textile industry. Because we then wear the pesticides and fertilizers on our skin, these can trigger skin reactions and be absorbed by the skin.
Benefits of organic cotton
In contrast to conventional cotton, organic cotton, or organic cotton, offers a great alternative, because special guidelines apply here that affect the cultivation of organic cotton.
When growing organic cotton, it is forbidden to use genetically modified or chemically treated seeds. Only natural seeds may be used here.
In addition, it is forbidden to use pesticides and artificial fertilizers for the cultivation of organic cotton. The power of nature is used here. Here beneficial insects are used, which are supposed to act naturally against the pests and manure or natural compost are also used as fertilizers.
Natural cultivation ensures that the area under cultivation is significantly less stressed and is also not as depleted as with the cultivation of conventional cotton.
There is also a great advantage here for the textile industry, because firstly, more and more emphasis is placed on nature conservation and sustainability, and secondly, organic cotton triggers significantly fewer reactions and irritations than conventional cotton and is therefore much better tolerated.
The demand for organic cotton is growing all the time. Unfortunately, it is still the case up to now that the cultivation area of organic cotton takes up only 1% of the total area. There is a need for action here.
In order not to be subject to error or even deception, it is important to know which certificate stands for real organic cotton. The GOTS certificate is a globally recognized certificate.
- This certificate is recognized worldwide and stands for the standard of processing of organically grown natural fibers.
- Environmental requirements are specified here.
- The standard also defines social requirements.
- The seal covers the entire production chain in the textile industry.
The GOTS consists of 4 organizations, which provide the members here:
International Association of the Natural Textile Industry Germany
Soil Association England
Organic Trade AssociationUSA
Japan Organic Cotton AssociationJapan
For the year 2021 we plan to enforce our own detailed and comprehensive certificate for organic cotton.